ALRO S.A. is listed on the Bucharest stock exchange in the premium category. In 2018 it was one of the most profitable companies in Romania, with a net profit of 84 million euros, up 39 percent from 2017. “We are a competitive company, and 2018 was very good to us,” says Gheorghe Dobra, CEO of ALRO. “In the EU, aluminium consumption outpaced production, and that has kept prices at a good level.”
The plant uses a full 5 percent of Romania’s electricity production to manufacture aluminium primary products such as wire rod, billets and slabs and semi-fabricated products as plates, sheets, coils, strips and profiles. Through various innovations and development, ALRO has created a product mix that caters to the needs of more than 300 customers in the cables and conductors, construction, automotive, aircraft and engineering markets around the world.
SKF totally changed our approach to maintenance.
Gheorghe Dobra, CEO, ALRO
“With our recent achievements in cost control to reach operational efficiency, together with aggressive capacity-increasing programmes in production, we’ve achieved in 2018 a production of 210,000 tonnes of primary aluminium, 283,000 tonnes of cast aluminium, 31,000 tonnes of recycled aluminium and 105,000 tonnes of processed aluminium products (extruded profiles included), high-value-added products, with the hope of reaching 120,000 tonnes of processed aluminium by 2021,” Dobra says.
Aluminium is the 13th element in the periodic table and makes up more than 8 percent of the mass of the Earth’s crust. But pure aluminium does not exist in nature. It was first isolated by the Danish physicist Christian Oersted in the 19th century when he applied electrolytic reduction to various aluminium-rich minerals. Today, aluminium is primarily produced from alumina, which in turn is obtained from bauxite, a clay-like mineral mostly mined in the tropics. Four to five tonnes of bauxite are needed to produce one tonne of aluminium.